Towards a platform quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) model for preclinical to clinical translation of antibody drug conjugates (ADCs)

Published in Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics


A next generation multiscale quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) model for antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) is presented, for preclinical to clinical translation of ADC efficacy. Two HER2 ADCs (trastuzumab-DM1 and trastuzumab-DXd) were used for model development, calibration, and validation. The model integrates drug specific experimental data including in vitro cellular disposition data, pharmacokinetic (PK) and tumor growth inhibition (TGI) data for T-DM1 and T-DXd, as well as system specific data such as properties of HER2, tumor growth rates, and volumes. The model incorporates mechanistic detail at the intracellular level, to account for different mechanisms of ADC processing and payload release. It describes the disposition of the ADC, antibody, and payload inside and outside of the tumor, including binding to off-tumor, on-target sinks. The resulting multiscale PK model predicts plasma and tumor concentrations of ADC and payload. Tumor payload concentrations predicted by the model were linked to a TGI model and used to describe responses following ADC administration to xenograft mice. The model was translated to humans and virtual clinical trial simulations were performed that successfully predicted progression free survival response for T-DM1 and T-DXd for the treatment of HER2+ metastatic breast cancer, including differential efficacy based upon HER2 expression status. In conclusion, the presented model is a step toward a platform QSP model and strategy for ADCs, integrating multiple types of data and knowledge to predict ADC efficacy. The model has potential application to facilitate ADC design, lead candidate selection, and clinical dosing schedule optimization.


Bruna Scheuher, Khem Raj Ghusinga, Kimiko McGirr, Maksymilian Nowak, Sheetal Panday, Joshua Apgar, Kalyanasundaram Subramanian, Alison Betts 


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Published in October 2023